ایوانف Anton Chekhov

ISBN:

Published: 2004

136 pages


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ایوانف  by  Anton Chekhov

ایوانف by Anton Chekhov
2004 | | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, talking book, mp3, RTF | 136 pages | ISBN: | 10.25 Mb

Anton Chekhov, Ivanoff – An Analytical ReviewThis review contains spoilers. Massive spoilers.(view spoiler)[1. IntroductionThe play is in four Acts. The protagonist, Nicholas Ivanoff, is a no-longer wealthy man fallen by his own inept financial sense. His depression worsens to catastrophic consequence. Ivanoff is surrounded by an interfering doctor and troublemaking friends with tenuous but correlative relationships.

The result is a story with many dramatic threads that weave together without exasperating the reader.The play uncovers problems of xenophobic confidence in ones faith, religion, or class against a dramatic romance. Modern pressures are encapsulated in the plot but, like some other great plays, a sparsity of detail makes this one suitable for many or any setting(s).

The product is not therefore limited in relevance or geography.This review comments on each acts ending and explores how this helps build the storys tempo and the characters stakes. The chronology may therefore seem a little awkward, but it is purposeful: by understanding how choices are made at each Acts close, it is easier to understand and discover the smaller choices that lead to the four Act-ending choices.2. The Acts2.1 Act IAct I ends when Ivanoffs wife, Anna (later called by her birth name, Sarah), chooses to disobey his order to stay at home one evening.

He orders her thus because he does not want her illness to kill her sooner than it otherwise would. Ivanoff and the doctor know the illness is that serious, but Anna does not.The illness darkens Ivanoffs perspective. Through the gloom, he makes rash, poor decisions- he cannot take the misery at home so visits friends instead. This causes the rift that makes Anna rebel and ignore him. The Act relays that Ivanoffs behaviour is determined by a wish not to hurt his wife.

Later, this is misinterpreted by Lvoff, Anna’s doctor. For now, it causes his wife to react, which later causes another conflict.During Act I Ivanoff’s companion, Borkin, shows his roguery: he suggests Ivanoff buy land on the opposite riverbank and threaten the miller and factory downstream with a dam, to extort them. When others gossip in later Acts and accuse Borkin of mischief, the audience knows it is true.Lvoff threatens to resign because Anna ignores his medical advice to stay home.

He is a tedious man--constantly telling others their faults, and acclaiming his own honesty. Unlike Borkin, who is called dastardly and behaves accordingly, Lvoff only calls himself honourable but behaves otherwise. All the others see through his claims and dislike him: his honesty is not only cutting, but it is a peculiar type of honesty. He seems only to be honest to make himself seem superior, at others’ feelings’ expense.2.2 Act IIThe second Act ends when Anna catches her husband romantically kissing Sasha. Ivanoff is only in this situation because he cannot stand the depression at home.

Sasha offers him respite. He succumbs to her kindliness.Sasha stalwartly believes Ivanoff is a suitable match for her. Sashas father, Lebedieff, warns against him, even though they are old friends. Sasha ignores her fathers advice. Still, the kiss is a surprise because her feelings theretofore are restrained. It is not, however, beyond the personality she displays. The kiss is genuine. This authenticity is evident to the characters and so hurts Anna all the more when she glimpses it.During Act II, Borkin again evidences his deceitfulness. He sets up an engagement and attempts to profit from the marriage.

He offers a wealthy woman an impoverished mans title (Ivanoffs uncle, Count Shabelski), and the man the womans money. His idea is to borrow money from Shabelski that Shabelski would come into after marrying. Borkin wants the money to bribe--on his own--the miller and factory owner. Later, Ivanoff accuses him of iniquity, and this behaviour sets up that claims truth.2.3 Act IIIAct III ends with Ivanoff telling Anna she is mortally ill.

He does not want to. He regrets it. Events escalate in the third Act because Anna now mistrusts him. Sasha one day visits Ivanoff and Anna’s matrimonial home. Anna understandably gets angry.Ivanoff rejects Borkin for a while, after Lebedieff explains to Ivanoff that Borkin is bringing his reputation down. Association to the scoundrel is hampering.Lvoff, berates Ivanoff for meeting Sasha in Annas house.

Ivanoff, however, did not invite her. She just turns up and excepting his good manners he tacitly, quickly asks her to leave.2.4 Act IVA year elapses before the last Act. At the end of it, at Ivanoff and Sashas wedding, before the vows, Ivanoff shoots himself. It is caused and justified by events and behaviours that all lead to Ivanoffs choice. The story is therefore coherent, however surprising the end is.

Also, the outcome is not contrived because all events lead to this choice.Anna dies between Acts III and IV. Ivanoff is wracked with guilt. Lvoff plays the I-told-you-so and annoys everyone at the same time.Lebedieff believes his daughter, Sasha, should not marry Ivanoff because he is no good for her. Lebedieff does not declare Ivanoff a scoundrel as Lvoff implies, but he nonetheless agrees the marriage would be a poor one.

Ivanoff agrees with the assessment.Ivanoff is angry at Lvoff for his pestering honesty. All Ivanoff wants is to let Sasha be happy. He tells her so. She insists. He sees one way out--suicide.The action builds rapidly in this Act. Duals are mentioned.

This feels a little alien to the rest of the plays theme. But in the end that does not matter. The idea of duelling seems to be introduced so that when Ivanoff pulls his gun the audience will assume he will shoot one of the others who have antagonised him. This makes his turning the gun on himself more shocking.3.

Analytical ConclusionsThe play has several underpinning moral themes. There is a warning against borrowing money--Ivanoffs woes spiral out from his inability to pay interest on his debts. the play warns against the desire to present oneself as superior to others--by committing to that persona, Lvoff must know he is partly to blame for Ivanoff’s suicide. The play contrasts the dangers of blind love against an illuminated heroism--Ivanoff would rather die than ruin Sasha’s life by marrying her. The play also warns against corrupting friendships but demonstrates that such bonds are difficult to break, even through turmoil and betrayal.

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